vitamins and supplements

What Does Medicare Cover for Vitamins and Supplements?

As you age, vitamins and supplements can become more important for you. Healthcare providers may even recommend them for you. While Medicare does not usually cover vitamins and supplements, there are exceptions.

What’s covered by Medicare?

Medicare Part B may offer coverage when your doctor prescribes them as treatment for a condition. Talk to your doctor about what your options are with your coverage.

In certain situations, Medicare Part B may cover the following vitamins and supplements:

  • Niacin
  • Vitamin D analogs
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Prenatal vitamins
  • Magnesium
  • Fluoride preparations

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Prescription Plans

Each Medicare Prescription plan has its own formulary, or list of covered drugs, and some may offer coverage for certain vitamins and supplements. Generally, they are not covered though.

When picking a plan that offers the coverage you are looking for, consider the enhanced alternative coverage. Enhanced alternative coverage means that it covers additional prescriptions not covered by your typical plan.

Nutrition therapy

Under Medicare Part B, nutrition therapy may be covered if you suffer from diabetes kidney disease or had a kidney transplant in the last 36 months. If you have nutrition therapy, you may have coverage for vitamins and supplements.

If nutrition therapy is ordered by your doctor, you may not have to pay any of the costs if you are enrolled in Medicare Part B or Medicare Advantage.

Nutrition therapy can include:

  • One-on-one nutrition counseling
  • Nutrition and lifestyle assessment
  • Visits to check on your progress

If you think that you need to add any vitamins or supplements to your prescription list, talk to your doctor about the options that are available to you.

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